7 лендлеров для 2 скрипок и виолончели, WoO 11

Время создания: 1798 г.
Оригинальная версия утрачена, сохранилось только переложение для фортепиано.

Gianluca Cascioli (фортепиано)

A Landler is a country dance for couples in a quick 3/4 meter that generally occurred outdoors and involved stomping and hopping. As dance halls appeared in the late eighteenth century the Landler moved indoors and people began to wear lighter shoes and dance at a faster tempo. Although the name "Landler" seems to indicate "country dance," it actually derives from "Landl," or "Land ob der Enns," a description of Upper Austria. Landler, sometimes called German Dances, appear in the works of Haydn, Mozart, Bruckner and Mahler, to mention only a few composers.

The piano version of Beethoven's Seven Landler, WoO. 11, was published 1799 by Artaria & Co. in Vienna. Judging from a sketch for the coda of February 1799, it is possible that a version for two violins and bass existed, much like that of the Sechs Landler, WoO. 15. No trace of the score, however, exists.

Unlike the later waltz, Landler melodies are generally active on each beat of the measure, the accents occurring in the accompaniment. Several rhythmic patterns occur in the traditional Landler and most are represented in Beethoven's Landler, WoO. 11. For instance, the first two dances are dominated by a half-note, quarter-note pattern, producing a long-short rhythm in the accompaniment. The rhythm of the melody accents the first beat of the measure in the second dance; the accompaniment does the same in the third. Every beat receives equal stress in the sixth dance, in great contrast to Nos. 5 and 7, in which the pattern generally associated with the waltz predominates. The fact that all the dances are in D major suggests they were meant to be played without a break.

(All Music Guide)